Providing challenge for top performers in the classroom is one of the most difficult and long standing problems in British education. Whilst some schools do really well, they remain the minority.
When it comes to gifted/more able your school is likely to be in one of the following categories:
- Don’t believe in it and hence make no special provision as a result
- Have a cohort of students identified as gifted or more able – or a similar term – and offer them special opportunities
- Systematically and purposefully make advanced learning opportunities available in class and in enrichment, and offer them regularly to all or most students.
Generally most schools in England are in the first or second categories, whilst most of the top performing countries in the OECD league tables are in the third. Interesting!
We know that it is important to society, to the economy and to the individual that we challenge those who find learning easy rather than allow them to underachieve, and mark time whilst others catch up. Yet – we don’t do it because (a) we don’t think it is a priority or (b) we don’t really know how to. Systematically reviewing the literature in 2009 it became clear that these are universal problems and found in many countries.
So if we want to do better we have to change how we approach this.
Traditionally, work on the more able/gifted has involved identifying a cohort and making special provision for it, but the research shows this is increasingly problematic.
- Definitions of giftedness have fragmented over time and vary widely, so when you try to identify students to create a cohort it’s hard to know what you are identifying and hence no reliable identification methods have emerged.
- Those who are identified are given access to special opportunities and generally benefit. Those who are not in the identified cohort do equally well if given the same opportunities. So why are they not getting them?
- Gifted cohorts across the world have been found to be biased in favour of the affluent middle class. No matter how hard people try this remains the case. Just like in England.
So if opportunities are the important factor, then creating them is the priority. What do good advanced learning opportunities look like? How can we make them widely available? Key players in this field alongside my own writings are Jo Renzulli, Bruce Shore, Joyce Van Tassel Baska and Albert Zeigler. Look out for their work.
Many teachers use Bloom’s taxonomy yet this is over 50 years old. Fresh approaches have bettered and superseded it. My new organisation High Performance Learning (www.highperformancelearning.co.uk) makes use of these. It focuses on advanced learning and systematically building intelligence using 30 research derived competencies that all successful people demonstrate. These relate to developing cognition and also developing the values, attitudes and attributes that top performers need.
If your school wants to do better, then ask yourself these questions:
- Are we confident about what advanced learning looks like?
- Do we offer it in our school?
- How regularly and to whom?
- Could we improve the frequency with which we offer this or even make it part of our DNA?
Recently Sir Michael Wishaw painted a familiar picture of underachievement for the most able in secondary schools – especially for those from disadvantaged backgrounds. He is getting bullish in his final months as HMCI – suggesting sanctions be applied to schools that consistently fail their brightest children.
Maybe now is the time to focus more directly on advanced learning in your classroom and your school and stop leaving the creation of advanced performers to chance.
Professor Deborah Eyre is Founder, High Performance Learning, and a NET Leading Thinker
 Eyre, D. (Ed.) (2009) Major Themes in Gifted Education (4 Volumes). Routledge: London
 Eyre, D. (2016) High Performance Learning: How To Become A World Class School. Routledge: London